For thousands of years, two third of the population in the province of Fars, composed of different tribes, have lived in this vast land and all the year around move constantly to find a mild climate and green pastures to feed their sheep and cattle.
The Ghashgha'i tribesmen, who had immigrated to this territory many centuries ago, is the biggest tribe in Ears and even in Iran.
According to historical testimonies, different groups of this tribe moved to this land from the western and eastern regions of the Caspian Sea and the northern province of Khorasan.
The main occupation of the Ghashgha'i tribesmen is animal husbandry, and the art of carpet weaving is customary only among women and young girls.
The rugs woven by them are called Turki-Shirazi and are rarely offered for sate. They prefer to weave these rugs for their own use or give them as dowry to their daughters when they get married.
Like other tribesmen, Ghashgha'i, too, weave their rugs without copying from any pattern on horizontal (flat) looms secured to the ground. Normally, they get their inspiration by referring to another rug.
The wife of a French orientalist, a certain Madame Diolafoi, who together with her husband had lived for some time among the tribesmen of Fars (1884), has written in her diary regarding the carpet weaving of these people:
The tents of the tribesmen in Fars protect them from the sun but not from the cold. The weaving loom is spread on the ground at the end of the tent.
Whenever this tribe gets ready to move, they roll up the loom and load it on a mule or donkey. When they reach their destination they once again spread the loom on the ground and start weaving.
This constant moving sometimes causes colour change and distortion of the rug. These women receive their training for colour blending and weaving from the family, especially from their mother.
No patterns are used to weave these rugs which are solid and fast as the dyes applied are extracted from vegetables; neither sun nor rain change their colours and these last for generations.
The flat woven rugs of Ghashgha'i are usually small, the standards size being Zar-o-nim and Pardeh.
The wool used in Ears is of the best quality. The rugs are woven in double-weft, with Senneh knots and long pile, the prevailing colours being red, blue and golden yellow, the dye which extracted from the Dyer's-weed (Esparak)plant.
Synthetic dyes have been adopted since the Second World War. Geometrical and stylised designs are woven into the old carpets partially being influenced by Caucasian designs, those of the Shirvan area, in particular, are preferred. To distinguish the old textured carpets of the Ghashgha'i rugs is dark brown and almost black, whereas those of the Caucasian rugs are lighter in colours.
In the province of Fars one can find a variety of repeat patterns as well as medallion compositions.
Geometrical animal and bird drawings are also a common feature and are used both as a part of repeat patterns or as filler ornaments.
Another specific rug which is attributed to this tribe is "Lion rug" (Gabbeh-Shin). A small rug coarsely woven with a multi-weft structure decorated with lion figure.
A big lion or a few small lions are woven in parallel rows in the centre of these rugs. Referring to historical records, the religious and traditional beliefs and importance given to a lion by the people of this region, it seems that the design and texture of the "Lion rug" is the initiative of the tribes in Ears, among them in Ghashghai's.
To confirm this statement there is the presence of the figure of a lion in the inscriptions, on many coins and textiles of Sassflnian dynasty, which has remained in Persepolis for many years. The people of this territory pay honour and respect to their distinguished and famous personalities, by placing lions made of stone on their tombs.