Best done by professional, a few minor repairs may be attempted at home.If you have the skill, experience and patience, you may carry out minor repairs such as sewing the side cords, and the curling edges. The basic tools required are more or less the same as for weaving.Scissors, curved knives, metal combs, various sizes of hooks and needles, beeswax, pliers, a small wooden frame, natural fibre of cotton, wool and silk for piling and a set of magic makers.
Most rugs are characterised by a fringe on both ends.There are some carpets which begin or end with a woven section of Glim-baft, and some which have no fringe at all. The true purpose of the fringe is to protect the pile. When the fringe is damaged speedy attention is needed to prevent the disintegration of the pile realising a new fringe must be done only by professional.
Repairing gilim ends
After the fringes, the Glum ends, are immediately woven to the rug. To prevent from fraying and to protect the rug, these weft threads have the same function as the fringes, If any thread in the Gilim gets loose, these gradually break one by one effecting the knotted pile and the Gilim gets ruined over a short time. In case the warp and weft threads of this area get disintegrated or rotted, they should immediately be removed until the firm and solid weft threads are reached. Then with a strong and matching thread, normal, diagonal or zig-zag stitches can be sewn along the warp threads. By this method the decomposition of the rug is prevented.
After knotting the first row of the rug, the weft threads are passed between the warp threads. A few of these are bound around the last two or three warp threads, which form the side cords. In addition, extra woolen or silk over binding (depending on the type of rug) acts to protect the rug. The side cords are often exposed to constant wear; therefore they need to be repaired as soon as the cords break and before getting damaged. Repairing side cords doesn’t influence the value of the rug and helps it to live a longer life.
The sides of some rugs such as Sarugh, Bijar, Kashan, Ghom and Tabriz are susceptible to curling. This seldom happens in loosely knotted and single weft rugs. when the weft threads are pulled tightly around the warp or if the threads are made of over spun fibres, the curls tend to develop more often. The repairs can be carried out at home by laying the rug on a smooth surface, pile downwards.
A 4 cm. Wide leather or linoleum strip is sewn with a strong thread and needle all along the length of the rug. The thread should always be run over a lump of beeswax, before commencing the sewing process. The stitches should be very small on the rug and not visible through the pile.
Darning and re-piling
When the warp, weft and pile of a carpet gets damaged by fire, moths and constant wear, it needs to be repaired immediately. Repairing the damaged pile is not an intricate task but one that does require some experience. The first step is to clean the carpet. The damaged knots are pulled out from the front of the rug by a needle or hook. New warp and weft threads must match the one in the rug, both in thickness and colour. Before starting the process of re-piling, the type of knot whether Senneh or Ghiordes should be ascertained.
Also examine carefully from the back of the rug, the design of the carpet. After re-piling the damaged spots, the newly repaired part should he flattened tightly from the back with a warm iron. Another easy method of concealing, the wear in the rug is to “paint” it with a color fast paint (Magic Markers). This is a temporary patch work arrangement, as over a period paint wears off and the damaged portion is again visible.
In some of the rugs with the woolen warp and weft some parts develop wrinkles, which means the foundation has rotted.
There is no solution to get rid of these wrinkles. It’s best to use these rugs in an area where there is less wear. If the wrinkled area is in the centre, the warp and the weft can be pulled and stretched by inserting it into a wooden frame.